The transport industry is now faced with two problematics: the decreasing availability of energy resources and the incompatibility of our current energy sources with a long term environmentaly friendly industrial development.

Our dependence on fossil fuels forces us to consider other types of energy such as renewable energies. The solar car gives us the opportunity to make the public aware of the potential of solar energy, often put aside especially due to its high cost. If there is a lot of work to do, we must not forget the progress that has been done: from the first solar cells of Charles Fritts, in 1883, which would only transform 1% of the solar energy in courant, until the indium gallium arsenide modern cells, that went up to 40% of efficiency. The prospects offered are becoming more and more interesting.